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History Of Sauna And Steam

A relaxing sauna session works out well for the body and mind. The usage of sauna and other methods of conventional heat therapy has withstood the test of time and in recent years have gained tremendous prominence. To appreciate a sauna’s advantages you need to consider its evolution and history first. While data suggests that the Finns used saunas around 2000 years ago, accurate documents remind us that in certain regions the sauna has been in everyday usage for at least the last thousand years.Find additional information at Neosauna.

Most of the older established saunas were tiny pits sunk into a soft region of the soil and used primarily as shelters during rough winters. Stones were heated up in a furnace, and water was poured over them to create steam and additional heat until they were dry. Growing air temperature caused people to strip off their clothing and enjoy their body’s sense of steam. A Finnish term of roots, saunas have become more considered as a winter home. It was later also used as a medium for bathing. But more complex sauna systems established in Finland at the beginning of the 19th century. Thus far saunas were often housed outside the home in a separate building. More modern sauna rooms had a beam-supported ceiling, with a hinged door and a wooden log wall. Some people also love and enjoy the conventional look of saunas constructed on the ground over other forms of saunas.

A rectangular log hut which contains an open rock stove and raised platform is the most common kind of sauna. Originally known as the “savusauna” (smoke sauna) by many Finns, these saunas have lots of rocks in the burner, so when fired up, they create extreme quantities of smoke that escapes through a roof or door opening. The smoke thus created would black the space with soot and leaves the sauna with a good fragrance. Smoke saunas were the only known system in use before the introduction of more advanced saunas, which had many inherent drawbacks, such as lengthy heating periods, heavy maintenance demands and the frequent risk for catching fire.

Another sauna technique was found in the late 1800’s, where the stones were covered with a conical metal top connected to a chimney to get rid of the created smoke. A tiny door regulated the temperature of the sauna, which can either be opened or closed for ventilation. Around the turn of the century the stove sauna fitted with a chimney was quite common because of its many advantages and benefits. Nearly every house in the countryside had a sauna constructed inside, and several metropolitan centres started constructing collective saunas. By the late 1920’s almost all citizens were conscious of the idea and hence there was a increase in sauna usage and building right up to World War II years.

Another form of sauna was discovered during the intervening time. This sauna had a chimney, but it separated the fire from the sauna stones kept in a metal cage above the flames. Many cast iron components were added to distribute heat between the stones and the flames. The sauna session and the fire’s strength controlled stone and room temperature. Users were forced to wait for more than 30 minutes and a continuous attendance to the fire was needed to sustain heat and steam output. Later in most areas of Finland even more efficient gas and electric stoves came into existence. These forms of sauna heaters are still in use in many Finnish sauna rooms. Their advent also curtailed the usage of precious forest timber.